Olive variety

There are many types of trees under cultivation in Italy.

It is estimated that there are more than 500 varieties (cultivars): Leccino, casaliva, Pisciottana, coratina, moraiolo biancolilla, crusher, Taggiascan Moorish carolea, etc.. etc.., each of them with different characteristics that vary from region to region, but more precisely, from place to place.

Olive trees are most widely grown in Italy.
Other countries such as Spain and France will have much less: 50-70 at most, of which only 6-10 are of the most common. In Italy we have over 500 varieties, of which nearly 400 are officially registered in the Italian olive cultivation register, and are capable of producing an infinite number of excellent olives, then multiplied by the infinite number of microclimates and soil quality, makes us, and unquestionably undoubtedly, the only protagonists of market quality olive oil world.

There are about 250 million trees (olive Italian), many of which are secular or are located in areas where they contribute to the landscape and environment. Italy is the second largest producer of olive oil production with a national average of over 6 million tons, two thirds of them virgin.
The table below shows the most common cultivars (varieties of olive trees) divided by region.


Regions and olive types

Abruzzo Cucco, Dritta, Gentile del Chieti, Intosso, Morella, Nebbia, Raja, Toccolana, Castiglionese

Basilicata Maiatica, Ogliarola del Bradano, Fasolina, Rapollese

Calabria Carolea, Cassanese, Ottobratica, Tonda di Strongoli, Grossa di Gerace, Ciciarello, Roggianella, Sinopolese, Dolce di Rossano, Borgese, Pennulara, Roggianella, Rossanese, Sinopolese,Zinzifarica

Campania Pisciottana, Carpellese, Ogliarola, Ravece Lazio Canino, Itrana, Carboncella, Rosciola Liguria Taggiasca, Mortina, Razzola, Colombaia, Pinola Lombardia Grignan, Sbresa, Casaliva, Gargnano, Negrel,

Marche Ascolana tenera, Sargano, Olivastra di Montenero, Rosciola di Rotello Molise Cerasuolo, Cerasa e Olivastra di Montenero, Gentile e Saligna di Larino, Puglia Coratina, Cellina di Nardò, Ogliarola barese, Bella di Cerignola, Sant'Agostino, Pizzuta, Leccese, Marinese, Nasuta, Peranzana, Pisciottana (chiamata anche Picholine), Cipressino, Coratina, Leccese, Marinese, Massafranese, Monopolese, Peranzana, Pisciottana Sant'Agostino, Cellina Barese,

Sardegna Bosana, Pizz'e carroga, Tonda di Cagliri , Nera di Gonnos , Semidana, Cariasina, Cipressino, Corsicana, Nera di Oliena, Pizz'e carroga Semidana

Sicilia Biancolilla, Nocellara del Belice, Nocellara etnea, Santagatese, Minuta, Nocellara Messinese, Ogliarola Messinese,  Tonda Iblea, Verdello, Brandofino, Buscionetto Carolea, Calamignara, Cerasuola, Giarraffa, Mandanici, Moresca

Toscana Frantoio, Leccino, Ogliarola Seggianese, Pendolino, Belmonte, Ciliegino, Coreggiolo, Leccio del Corno, Maremmano, Melaiolo, Pesciatino, Piangente, Pitursello, Punteriolo, Scarlinese

Umbria Moraiolo, Pendolino, Dolce agogia, San Felice Veneto Casaliva, Grignan, Favarol, Fort, Grignano, Rossanel, Leccio del Corno, Razza Rondella Friuli Venezia Giulia Bianchera (Belica), Carbona, Leccio del Corno, Buga